Tsunami, Earthquakes, Hurricanes, Volcanic Eruptions and other Natural and Man-Made Hazards and Disasters - by Dr. George Pararas Carayannis

Tsunami, Earthquakes, Hurricanes, Volcanic Eruptions and other Natural and Man-Made Hazards and Disasters

HONOLULU, HAWAII , MAY 23-25, 2006

The Third Tsunami Symposium of the Tsunami Society took place on May 23 -25, 2006 at the East West Conference Center at the University of Hawaii, in Honolulu. Dr. Gary Ostrander, UH Vice Chancellor for Research of the University of Hawaii gave the welcoming address. Also, welcoming addresses were given by Dr. Barbara Keating - Symposium's Chairperson and Tsunami Society President - and by Dr. Charles Mader, - Symposium's Program Chairman and Editor of the Science of Tsunami Hazards Journal. The Symposium included several theme sessions over a three-day period, Poster Presentations, a Banquet and Awards Ceremony, and a field trip after its conclusion. The Third Tsunami Symposium was a very successful conference attended by many scientists from several countries.

Symposium Program and Presentations

Emphasis in the Third Tsunami Symposium program was given to the Indian Ocean Tsunami of 26 December 2004 and what was learned from it. Several members of the Tsunami Society had participated in extensive surveys of nations affected by the disaster and reported on their findings. Interesting papers were presented on the US Response to the Sumatra Tsunami, Field Observations, on Tsunami Risk Management and the Numerical Modeling of this great tsunami.

The 2006 Tsunami Symposium program, abstracts and complete presentations were published in a special Tsunami Symposium issue of the Science of Tsunami Hazards which can be found at: http://www.sthjournal.org/tsabst/prog.htm Specifically, the following presentations were made - and numerous of these were published in the Science of Tsunami Hazards.

US GOVERNMENT RESPONSE TO 12/26/2004 TSUNAMI - Dr. Charles Mader, Chairman

Eddie Bernard, "US Response to the Sumatra Tsunami", Presented by Gerard Fryer

Lt. Col. Kerry Nicholls, "US Military Response to the Sumatra Tsunami".

Bill Knight, "Strike-Slip Tsunami Sources"

Bill Knight, "Model Predictions of Gulf and Atlantic Coast Tsunami Impacts from a Distribution of Sources", Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 24, No. 5, pages 304-312 (2006)

Kelly J. Stroker and Paula K. Dunbar, "Access to Historical DART/BRP Data at NOAA's National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)".

Paula K. Dunbar, Lori Dengler and Kelly J. Stoker,
"NOAA's Historical Tsunami Database "

Gerard J. Fryer and Barry Hirshorn, "Tsunami Warning in the Near Field: The Approach in Hawaii"

Bernard J. Kilonsky and Mark Merrifield, "Upgrade of Tide Gauges for Tsunami Warnings"

Vindell Hsu,"Monitoring Earthquakes and Tsunamis using the International Monitoring System".

THE INDIAN OCEAN TSUNAMI - I - Dr. Dale Dominey-Howes , Chairman

Charles E. Helsley, Barbara Keating, Dale Dominey-Howes, Zaha Weheed , "The Impacts of the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami Within the Maldive Islands", Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 23, No. 2, pages 18-70 (2005)

T. S. Murty, N. Nirupama, I. Nistor, A. D. Rao , "Role of Trapped and Leaky Modes Around Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Tsunami of 26 December 2004", Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 24, No. 3, pages 183-193 (2006)

Bruce E. Jaffe, Jose C. Borrero, Gegar S. Prasetya, Lori Dengler, Guy Gelfenbaum, Rahman Hidayat, Brentwood Higman, Ettiene Kingsley, Lukiyanjto, Brian McAdoo, Andrew Moore, Robert Morton, Robert Peters, Peter Ruggiero, Vasily Titov, Widjo Kongko and Eko Yulianto, "Field Survey of Tsunami Deposits, Erosion and Flow During the 26 December 2004 Tsunami in Indonesia".

Havidan Rodriguez, Abbiah Subramanian, Tricia Wachtendorf, James Kendra and Joseph Trainor, "Building Sustainable Recovery and Development Initiatives: A Critical Overview of India and the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami"

Y. Tony Song, "A Coupled Teleseismic Ocean General Circulation Model for Global Tsunami Warning"

TSUNAMI RISK MANAGEMENT - Dr. Robert Sewell, Chairman

Robert T. Sewell, "Probabilistic Tsunami Risk Management Framework, Safety Policy and Applications"

Larry Collins and Angus Alexander, "Implementation of a Tsunami Plan: The Los Angeles County Fire Department and Lessons Learned from the Sumatra Tsunami and Hurricane Katrina".

NUMERICAL MODELING OF TSUNAMIS - Dr. Zygmunt Kowalik, Chairman

Zygmunt Kowalik, Tatiana Proshutinsky and Andrey Proshutinsky, "Tide-Tsunami Interactions", Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 24, No. 4, pages 242-256 (2006)

Juan J. Horrillo, Zygmunt Kowalik, Yoshinori Shigihara, "Wave Dispersion Study in the Indian Ocean Tsunami, December 26, 2004", Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 25, No. 1, pages 42-62 (2006)

James E. Beget, "Confirmation and Calibration of Computer Models of the 1883 Tsunami Produced by Augustine Volcano, Alaska", Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 24, No. 4, pages 257-266 (2006)

David L. George and Randall J. LeVeque, "Finite Volume Methods and Adaptive Refinement for Global Propagation and Local Inundation", Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 24, No. 5, pages 319-328 (2006)

Charles L. Mader and Michael L. Gittings, "Numerical Model for the Krakatoa Hydrovolcanic Explosion and Tsunami", Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 24, No. 3, pages 174-182 (2006)

Galen Gisler, Robert Weaver and Michael L. Gittings, "SAGE Calculations of the Tsunami Threat from La Palma", Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 24, No. 4, pages 288-301 (2006)

Roy A. Walters, "Modeling Tsunami Generation, Propagation and Run-up in the New Zealand Region", Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 24, No. 5, pages 339-357 (2006)

TSUNAMI STUDIES - Dr. George Pararas-Carayannis, Chairman

George Pararas-Carayannis, "The Potential of Tsunami Generation Along the Makran Subduction Zone in the Northern Arabian Sea - Case Study: The Earthquake of November 28, 1945", Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 24, No. 5, pages 358-384 (2006)

Yong Wei and Kwok Fai Cheung, "Well-Balanced Finite Volume Model for Long-Wave Runup"

Barbara H. Keating, Charles E. Helsley and Matt Wanink, "Introduction to a Tsunami Deposits Database".

Maria Anna V. Baptista, J. F. Luis, P. M. Soares, J. M. Miranda, "Tsunami Propagation along Taggus Estuary - Lisbon, Portugal - Preliminary Results", Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 24, No. 5, pages 329-338 (2006)

GENERAL SESSION - George Curtis, Chairman

Floyd W. McCoy and Belinda Heil, "Stripped Pahoehoe Lava-Flow Surfaces as Tsunami Deposit, Hawaii"

Daniel A. Walker, "Potential Overlooked Analogues to the Indian Ocean Tsunami in the Western and Southwestern Pacific", Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 24, No. 3, pages 194-205 (2006)

John Robert Egan, "Building a Disaster Risk Reduction Consortium at the University of Hawaii"

Barbara Keating, Glenn Sheperd and Charles E. Helsley, "Feasibility of Constructing a Paleo-Tsunami Record for the Island of Maui, Hawaii"

James Goff and Roy A. Walters, "Paleotsunamis Come of Age?"

INDIAN OCEAN TSUNAMI - II - Dr. Dan Walker, Chairman

V. Ram Mohan, D. Gnanavel, J. Sriganesh, J. Kulasekaran, S. Srinivasalu, "The 26th December, 2004 Tsunami - Run-up and Inundation and Their Relationship with Geomorphology in Tamil, Nadu, India".

Alan Ruffman, "Science and Fokelore - Teaching from the November 18, 1929 Grand Banks" Earthquake and Tsunami: Like a River Returning"

Alan Ruffman and Tad Murty, "Tsunami Hazards in the Arctic Regions of North America, Greenland and the Norwegian Sea"

Allan Ruffman, "Documentation of the Farfield Parameters of the November 1, 1755, "Lisbon" Tsunami along the Shores of the Western Atlantic Ocean" Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 23, No. 3, pages 52-59 (2005)

Chanchai Thanawood, Chao Yongchalermchai and Omthip Densrisereekul, "Effects of the December 2004 Tsunami and Disaster Management in Southern Thailand", Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 24, No. 3, pages 206-217 (2006)

K. T. Chau, O. W. H. Wai, R. H. C. Wong and H. Y. Lin,
"Edge Waves at Phi-Phi Island During the December 26, 2004 South Asian Tsunami"

Harold G. Loomis, "What is the Probability Function for Large Tsunami Waves?" Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 24, No. 3, pages 218-224 (2006)

Harold G. Loomis, "Momentum as a Useful Tsunami Descriptor", Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 24, No. 5, pages 313-318 (2006)

N. Chandrasekar, S. Saravanan, J. Loveson Immanuel M. Rajamanickam, "Classification of Tsunami Hazard Along the Southern Coast of India: An Initiative to Safeguard the Coastal Environment from a Similar Debacle", Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 24, No. 1, pages 3-23 (2006)

Janaka J. Wijetunge, "Tsunami on 26 December 2004: Spatial Distribution of Tsunami Height and the Extent of Inundation in Sri Lanka", Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 24, No. 3, pages 225-239 (2006)


Hermann M. Fritz, "Physical Modeling of Landslide Tsunamis - A Novel Generator "

Langford P. Sue, Roger I. Nokes, and Roy A. Walters, "Modeling of Tsunami Generation from Underwater Landslides", Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 24, No. 3, pages 267-287 (2006)

Hermann M. Fritz, Jose C. Borrero, Costas E. Synolakis and Emile A. Okal, "Field Surveys of 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami from Sumatra to East Africa".

Kamlesh Gupta, "Natural Disasters: Need for an Academic Curriculum"


Dale Dominey-Howes and Deanne Bird, "Tsunami Public Awareness and Its Role in Risk Education"

Dale Dominey-Howes and Maria Papathoma, "A Fully Validated Tsunami Vulnerability Assessment Model (the "PTVAM" Model)"

Dale Dominey-Howes, "Tsunami and Paleotsunami Depositional Signatures and their Potential Value in Understanding the Late-Holocene Tsunami Record"

Banquet and Tsunami Society Awards

The Symposium Banquet and Awards Ceremony took place at Treetops Restaurant in Manoa. Dr. Zygmunt Kowalik, was the after-dinner-speaker. He gave a very interesting presentation of the numerical modeling of the Great 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, entitled "Around the World in 200 Million Cells". His presentation was followed by the Third Tsunami Symposium awards ceremony. The 2006 awards of the Tsunami Society were given to Dr. Zygmunt Kowalik, Dr. Eddie Bernard, Mrs. Karen O'Loughlin and Dr. Barbara Keating, n recognition of outstanding and original contributions to the Science of Tsunami Hazards.

Dr. Zygmunt Kowalik has been the world leader in numerical modeling of tsunami waves for three decades. His books, papers and codes are used around the world. He has been a leader in the development of the WCATWC tsunami hazard prediction methodology. His techniques are the ones being used to make predictions of the Gulf and Atlantic Coast Tsunami threats.

Dr. Eddie Bernard was the first scientist to numerically model a Tsunami wave interacting with the Hawaiian island chain. He was the director of PTWC in 1977-1980 where he initiated a major upgrade of the tsunami warning system. He has been director of PMEL since 1982 where he has supported tsunami research and was the leader of the development of the DART tsunami gauge which have been so successful that they are scheduled to be installed in all the oceans of the world.

Mrs. Karen O'Loughlin compiled the tsunami data book on the Caribbean tsunamis and the tsunami databases for the four Oceans along with Jim Lander, who received the Tsunami award in 1999. The databases are essential to the science of tsunami hazards.

Dr. Barbara Keating has been a world leader in the study of gas hydrates as a possible trigger for underwater landslides and tsunamis. She went to the Maldives after the Indian Ocean. Tsunami and performed a survey of the tsunami damage. For the first time a tsunami survey included a survey of the human terror and personal loss and displacement of the victims rather than just the wave heights and inundation limits.

Tsunami Society Business Meeting

The Tsunami Society held a business meeting to elect officers and to discuss future plans and the organization of the Fourth Tsunami Symposium.

The Fourth Tsunami Symposium

The Fourth Tsunami Symposium will be held on May 26, 27, 28, 2009 at the East-West Center, at the University of Hawaii, in Honolulu, Hawaii. Abstracts of presentations at this symposium are due on February 1, 2009 and papers are due on March 1, 2009.

Tsunami Society Field Trip

Following the three-day symposium, a field trip led by Dr. Charles Helsley, Dr. Barbara Keating and Dr Dan Walker took participants to sites on the Southeast of the Island of Oahu to view the Geology of Honolulu Series Volcanics and see deposits of tsunami and storm activity, including those of the 1946 Tsunami.

Participants to the 2006 Third Tsunami Symposium posing for a group photograph at the gardens of the East West Center at the University of Hawaii in Honolulu


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