TSUNAMI SYMPOSIUM OF THE TSUNAMI SOCIETY
HAWAII , MAY 23-25, 2006
The Third Tsunami
Symposium of the Tsunami Society took place on May 23 -25, 2006
at the East West Conference Center at the University of Hawaii,
in Honolulu. Dr. Gary Ostrander, UH Vice Chancellor for Research
of the University of Hawaii gave the welcoming address. Also,
welcoming addresses were given by Dr. Barbara Keating - Symposium's
Chairperson and Tsunami Society President - and by Dr. Charles
Mader, - Symposium's Program Chairman and Editor of the Science
of Tsunami Hazards Journal. The Symposium included several theme
sessions over a three-day period, Poster Presentations, a Banquet
and Awards Ceremony, and a field trip after its conclusion. The
Third Tsunami Symposium was a very successful conference attended
by many scientists from several countries.
Program and Presentations
Emphasis in the Third
Tsunami Symposium program was given to the Indian Ocean Tsunami
of 26 December 2004 and what was learned from it. Several members
of the Tsunami Society had participated in extensive surveys
of nations affected by the disaster and reported on their findings.
Interesting papers were presented on the US Response to the Sumatra
Tsunami, Field Observations, on Tsunami Risk Management and the
Numerical Modeling of this great tsunami.
The 2006 Tsunami Symposium
program, abstracts and complete presentations were published
in a special Tsunami Symposium issue of the Science of Tsunami
Hazards which can be found at: http://www.sthjournal.org/tsabst/prog.htm Specifically, the following
presentations were made - and numerous of these were published
in the Science of Tsunami Hazards.
US GOVERNMENT RESPONSE
TO 12/26/2004 TSUNAMI - Dr. Charles Mader, Chairman
Eddie Bernard, "US Response to the Sumatra
by Gerard Fryer
Lt. Col. Kerry Nicholls,
Response to the Sumatra Tsunami".
Bill Knight, "Strike-Slip Tsunami Sources"
Bill Knight, "Model Predictions of Gulf
and Atlantic Coast Tsunami Impacts from a Distribution of Sources", Science of Tsunami Hazards,
Vol. 24, No. 5, pages 304-312 (2006)
Kelly J. Stroker and
Paula K. Dunbar, "Access
to Historical DART/BRP Data at NOAA's National Geophysical Data
Paula K. Dunbar, Lori Dengler and Kelly J. Stoker, "NOAA's Historical Tsunami
Gerard J. Fryer and
Barry Hirshorn, "Tsunami
Warning in the Near Field: The Approach in Hawaii"
Bernard J. Kilonsky
and Mark Merrifield, "Upgrade
of Tide Gauges for Tsunami Warnings"
Vindell Hsu,"Monitoring Earthquakes
and Tsunamis using the International Monitoring System".
THE INDIAN OCEAN TSUNAMI
- I - Dr. Dale Dominey-Howes , Chairman
Charles E. Helsley,
Barbara Keating, Dale Dominey-Howes, Zaha Weheed , "The Impacts of the 2004
Indian Ocean Tsunami Within the Maldive Islands", Science of Tsunami Hazards,
Vol. 23, No. 2, pages 18-70 (2005)
T. S. Murty, N. Nirupama,
I. Nistor, A. D. Rao , "Role
of Trapped and Leaky Modes Around Andaman and Nicobar Islands,
Tsunami of 26 December 2004", Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 24, No. 3,
pages 183-193 (2006)
Bruce E. Jaffe, Jose
C. Borrero, Gegar S. Prasetya, Lori Dengler, Guy Gelfenbaum,
Rahman Hidayat, Brentwood Higman, Ettiene Kingsley, Lukiyanjto,
Brian McAdoo, Andrew Moore, Robert Morton, Robert Peters, Peter
Ruggiero, Vasily Titov, Widjo Kongko and Eko Yulianto, "Field Survey of Tsunami
Deposits, Erosion and Flow During the 26 December 2004 Tsunami
Abbiah Subramanian, Tricia Wachtendorf, James Kendra and Joseph
Sustainable Recovery and Development Initiatives: A Critical
Overview of India and the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami"
Y. Tony Song, "A
Coupled Teleseismic Ocean General Circulation Model for Global
TSUNAMI RISK MANAGEMENT
- Dr. Robert Sewell, Chairman
Robert T. Sewell,
Tsunami Risk Management Framework, Safety Policy and Applications"
Larry Collins and
Angus Alexander, "Implementation
of a Tsunami Plan: The Los Angeles County Fire Department and
Lessons Learned from the Sumatra Tsunami and Hurricane Katrina".
OF TSUNAMIS - Dr. Zygmunt Kowalik, Chairman
Zygmunt Kowalik, Tatiana
Proshutinsky and Andrey Proshutinsky, "Tide-Tsunami Interactions", Science of Tsunami Hazards,
Vol. 24, No. 4, pages 242-256 (2006)
Juan J. Horrillo,
Zygmunt Kowalik, Yoshinori Shigihara, "Wave Dispersion Study in the Indian Ocean Tsunami,
December 26, 2004",
Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 25, No. 1, pages 42-62 (2006)
James E. Beget, "Confirmation and Calibration
of Computer Models of the 1883 Tsunami Produced by Augustine
Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 24, No. 4, pages 257-266 (2006)
David L. George and
Randall J. LeVeque, "Finite
Volume Methods and Adaptive Refinement for Global Propagation
and Local Inundation",
Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 24, No. 5, pages 319-328 (2006)
Charles L. Mader and
Michael L. Gittings, "Numerical
Model for the Krakatoa Hydrovolcanic Explosion and Tsunami", Science of Tsunami Hazards,
Vol. 24, No. 3, pages 174-182 (2006)
Galen Gisler, Robert
Weaver and Michael L. Gittings, "SAGE Calculations of the Tsunami Threat
from La Palma",
Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 24, No. 4, pages 288-301 (2006)
Roy A. Walters, "Modeling Tsunami Generation,
Propagation and Run-up in the New Zealand Region", Science of Tsunami Hazards,
Vol. 24, No. 5, pages 339-357 (2006)
TSUNAMI STUDIES -
Dr. George Pararas-Carayannis, Chairman
of Tsunami Generation Along the Makran Subduction Zone in the
Northern Arabian Sea - Case Study: The Earthquake of November
28, 1945", Science
of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 24, No. 5, pages 358-384 (2006)
Yong Wei and Kwok
Fai Cheung, "Well-Balanced
Finite Volume Model for Long-Wave Runup"
Barbara H. Keating,
Charles E. Helsley and Matt Wanink, "Introduction to a Tsunami Deposits Database".
Maria Anna V. Baptista,
J. F. Luis, P. M. Soares, J. M. Miranda, "Tsunami Propagation along Taggus Estuary
- Lisbon, Portugal - Preliminary Results", Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 24, No. 5,
pages 329-338 (2006)
GENERAL SESSION -
George Curtis, Chairman
Floyd W. McCoy and
Belinda Heil, "Stripped
Pahoehoe Lava-Flow Surfaces as Tsunami Deposit, Hawaii"
Daniel A. Walker,
Analogues to the Indian Ocean Tsunami in the Western and Southwestern
of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 24, No. 3, pages 194-205 (2006)
John Robert Egan,
Disaster Risk Reduction Consortium at the University of Hawaii"
Barbara Keating, Glenn
Sheperd and Charles E. Helsley, "Feasibility of Constructing a Paleo-Tsunami
Record for the Island of Maui, Hawaii"
James Goff and Roy
A. Walters, "Paleotsunamis
Come of Age?"
INDIAN OCEAN TSUNAMI
- II - Dr. Dan Walker, Chairman
V. Ram Mohan, D. Gnanavel,
J. Sriganesh, J. Kulasekaran, S. Srinivasalu, "The 26th December, 2004 Tsunami
- Run-up and Inundation and Their Relationship with Geomorphology
in Tamil, Nadu, India".
Alan Ruffman, "Science and Fokelore -
Teaching from the November 18, 1929 Grand Banks" Earthquake
and Tsunami: Like a River Returning"
Alan Ruffman and Tad
Hazards in the Arctic Regions of North America, Greenland and
the Norwegian Sea"
Allan Ruffman, "Documentation of the Farfield
Parameters of the November 1, 1755, "Lisbon" Tsunami
along the Shores of the Western Atlantic Ocean" Science of Tsunami Hazards,
Vol. 23, No. 3, pages 52-59 (2005)
Chao Yongchalermchai and Omthip Densrisereekul, "Effects of the December
2004 Tsunami and Disaster Management in Southern Thailand", Science of Tsunami Hazards,
Vol. 24, No. 3, pages 206-217 (2006)
K. T. Chau, O. W. H. Wai, R. H. C. Wong and H. Y. Lin, "Edge Waves at Phi-Phi Island
During the December 26, 2004 South Asian Tsunami"
Harold G. Loomis,
"What is the
Probability Function for Large Tsunami Waves?" Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol.
24, No. 3, pages 218-224 (2006)
Harold G. Loomis,
a Useful Tsunami Descriptor", Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 24, No. 5,
pages 313-318 (2006)
N. Chandrasekar, S.
Saravanan, J. Loveson Immanuel M. Rajamanickam, "Classification of Tsunami
Hazard Along the Southern Coast of India: An Initiative to Safeguard
the Coastal Environment from a Similar Debacle", Science of Tsunami Hazards,
Vol. 24, No. 1, pages 3-23 (2006)
Janaka J. Wijetunge,
26 December 2004: Spatial Distribution of Tsunami Height and
the Extent of Inundation in Sri Lanka", Science of Tsunami Hazards, Vol. 24, No. 3,
pages 225-239 (2006)
MODELING - Dr. Herman Fritz, Chairman
Hermann M. Fritz,
of Landslide Tsunamis - A Novel Generator "
Langford P. Sue, Roger
I. Nokes, and Roy A. Walters, "Modeling
of Tsunami Generation from Underwater Landslides", Science of Tsunami Hazards,
Vol. 24, No. 3, pages 267-287 (2006)
Hermann M. Fritz,
Jose C. Borrero, Costas E. Synolakis and Emile A. Okal, "Field Surveys of 2004 Indian
Ocean Tsunami from Sumatra to East Africa".
Kamlesh Gupta, "Natural Disasters: Need
for an Academic Curriculum"
and Deanne Bird, "Tsunami
Public Awareness and Its Role in Risk Education"
and Maria Papathoma, "A
Fully Validated Tsunami Vulnerability Assessment Model (the "PTVAM"
Paleotsunami Depositional Signatures and their Potential Value
in Understanding the Late-Holocene Tsunami Record"
Banquet and Tsunami
The Symposium Banquet
and Awards Ceremony took place at Treetops Restaurant in Manoa.
Dr. Zygmunt Kowalik, was the after-dinner-speaker. He gave a
very interesting presentation of the numerical modeling of the
Great 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, entitled "Around the World
in 200 Million Cells". His presentation was followed by
the Third Tsunami Symposium awards ceremony. The 2006 awards
of the Tsunami Society were given to Dr. Zygmunt Kowalik, Dr.
Eddie Bernard, Mrs. Karen O'Loughlin and Dr. Barbara Keating,
n recognition of outstanding and original contributions to the
Science of Tsunami Hazards.
Dr. Zygmunt Kowalik has been the world leader in
numerical modeling of tsunami waves for three decades. His books,
papers and codes are used around the world. He has been a leader
in the development of the WCATWC tsunami hazard prediction methodology.
His techniques are the ones being used to make predictions of
the Gulf and Atlantic Coast Tsunami threats.
Dr. Eddie Bernard was the first scientist to numerically
model a Tsunami wave interacting with the Hawaiian island chain.
He was the director of PTWC in 1977-1980 where he initiated a
major upgrade of the tsunami warning system. He has been director
of PMEL since 1982 where he has supported tsunami research and
was the leader of the development of the DART tsunami gauge which
have been so successful that they are scheduled to be installed
in all the oceans of the world.
Mrs. Karen O'Loughlin compiled the tsunami data book
on the Caribbean tsunamis and the tsunami databases for the four
Oceans along with Jim Lander, who received the Tsunami award
in 1999. The databases are essential to the science of tsunami
Dr. Barbara Keating has been a world leader in the
study of gas hydrates as a possible trigger for underwater landslides
and tsunamis. She went to the Maldives after the Indian Ocean.
Tsunami and performed a survey of the tsunami damage. For the
first time a tsunami survey included a survey of the human terror
and personal loss and displacement of the victims rather than
just the wave heights and inundation limits.
Tsunami Society Business
The Tsunami Society
held a business meeting to elect officers and to discuss future
plans and the organization of the Fourth Tsunami Symposium.
The Fourth Tsunami
The Fourth Tsunami
Symposium will be held on May 26, 27, 28, 2009 at the East-West
Center, at the University of Hawaii, in Honolulu, Hawaii. Abstracts
of presentations at this symposium are due on February 1, 2009
and papers are due on March 1, 2009.
Tsunami Society Field
the three-day symposium, a field trip led by Dr. Charles Helsley,
Dr. Barbara Keating and Dr Dan Walker took participants to sites
on the Southeast of the Island of Oahu to view the Geology of
Honolulu Series Volcanics and see deposits of tsunami and storm
activity, including those of the 1946 Tsunami.
to the 2006 Third Tsunami Symposium posing for a group photograph
at the gardens of the East West Center at the University of Hawaii
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